• 01

    01/02/1975 - How the Story Began

    In the late 1960s, the United States experienced an increase in nurse migration from other countries. A high proportion of these nurses could not pass the U.S. nurse licensure exam, resulting in isolation and exploitation in lower paying jobs. Key policymakers were assembled to review two national studies recommending the creation of a screening examination for foreign-educated nurses preceding migration.

  • 1977

    1977 - Commission on Graduates of Foreign Nursing Schools (CGFNS) Created

    Founded by the American Nurses Association (ANA) and the National League for Nursing (NLN), with primary funding from the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, the Commission on Graduates of Foreign Nursing Schools (CGFNS), Inc. was created to evaluate, test, and certify foreign-educated nurses. CGFNS continues to operate as an independent, non-profit, immigration neutral organization in Philadelphia, PA, USA.

  • 1977

    1977 - Founding Executive Director Adele Herwitz, MSN, RN, Appointed

    Adele Herwitz, MSN, RN, and Executive Director of the International Council of Nurses, returned to the U.S. to lead CGFNS in the groundbreaking development of an assessment program for foreign-educated nurses migrating to practice in the U.S. Ms. Herwitz retired in 1987.